Norman Bethune Tapestry
About the Tapestry
This tapestry shows Canadian surgeon, Dr. Norman Bethune, operating in a little Buddist temple. He was assisting the 8th Route Army in 1939. The 8ft by 6ft tapestry was made in the People’s Republic of China in 1975 from a coloured photograph depicts Bethune bent over the wedged open chest of a soldier as he does a rib resection to get at the lung damaged by a bullet. This tapestry was featured on the cover of JAMA in 1976.
History of the Norman Bethune Tapestry
by William C. Gibson, MD, DPhil
One day when I had just arrived back in Vancouver from World Health Organization meetings in Geneva I dropped in to see H.R. MacMillan at his home. As usual he began: “What is the best thing you saw while away?” I told him of a very fine tapestry which was in a travelling exhibition, showing Norman Bethune in the Chinese countryside. “Find it,” he said.
The setting depicts a former Buddhist temple, which Bethune had converted to his operating room for the Eighth Route Army in Hopei Province in the north.
After months of correspondence with Chinese and Geneva sources, I had to report failure. So H.R. said: “Get one made in China and send me the bill.” So I sent off to Shanghai a colour photo to be reproduced, giving the approximate size which we could accommodate.
Six months later the Bethune tapestry arrived, almost buried in mothballs! We placed it in the Sherrington Room, where many came to study it.*
Bethune had sailed on a CPR Empress liner from Vancouver soon after Japan attacked China, because he was at that time in Salmon Arm, B.C. on a fundraising mission for his blood transfusion service in the Spanish Civil War. On hearing of the invasion of China, he gave up his efforts for Spain, where he had done yeoman service for the legal government of Spain despite the Department of External Affairs in Ottawa, which threw no end of roadblocks in his way.
With a Canadian nurse he set off for China, accompanied, alas, by an American Red Cross surgeon who turned out to be a chronic alcoholic (as I believe he had been in Newfoundland). In 18 months Bethune became a legend. After his death at age 49 of an infected finger, cut while operating, Mao wrote a eulogy which was memorized by every schoolchild in China. When I first visited China in 1973, with the Bethune Foundation, every stop we made was highlighted by children reciting it.
* One visitor was Dr. Wong, who was Bethune’s anesthetist, shown in the tapestry. Bethune is doing a rib resection to get at a lung damaged by a bullet. You can see him bending over the wedged-open chest of the soldier.